If you don’t know your personality type, take the test here
Rules: Find out what characters share the same personality type as you here and list the characters that you find relevant below. Then tag five friends and let them know you tagged them.
i got :ENTP
- Dr. Eggman/Robotnik and Vector the Crocodile from Sonic the Hedgehog (im gonna cry)
- Minako Aino/Sailor Venus from Sailor Moon (YEaahhhhhhhh)
- Mercutio from Romeo and Juliet (death like a G…fuck u romeo)
- Mia Wallace from Pulp Fiction (DRUGGSSS MAHST DO ALL THE DRUGGSS)
- Odysseus from The Odyssey ( tbt LITTLE SHIT WOOHOO)
- Discord from My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic (what the fuck is this?)
- Tony Stark (Iron Man) from Iron Man (BILLIONAIRE PLAYBOY PHILANTHROPIST AWW YES)
- Eames from Inception (sexy as fuck)
- Hans from Frozen (LOOK ANOTHER LITTLE SHIT)
- Tyler Durden from Fight Club (BRAD PITTTTTT OH YES)
- Many incarnations of the Joker fromBatman ( LOVE LOVE LOVE)
people say ‘I love you’ in a lot of different ways
'get some sleep'
'here have my fries'
'you're an idiot'
"you’re the worst person in the world"
Welcome to the first post of the first unit of the AP US Government and Politics Review series. The posts that have the #2 on them will be about the first portion of the AP Government exam. The material I cover will be about 5-15% of the exam. I’m going to divide this unit into two different posts. The first one (this one) will be about the history of the US government and the key terms and social movements that occurred. The next post (#2B) will be about Federalism. Please note that in order to do well on the AP Government exam, you need to know your vocabulary. This is mostly a vocabulary exam! Okay, let’s get started!
- Democracy: A system of government in which ultimate political authority is vested in the people. Derived from the Greek words demos (“the people”) and kratos (“authority”)
- Direct Democracy: A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives; probably possible only in small political communities
- Representative Democracy: A form of government in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies; may retain the monarchy in a ceremonial role
- Constitutional Democracy: a system of government based on popular sovereignty, in which the structures, powers, and limits of government are set force in a constitution
- Majority Rule: A basic principle of democracy asserting that the greatest number of citizens in any political unit should select officials and determine policies
- Plurality: the outcome of an election that involves more than two candidates
- Bicameralism: two legislative chambers [Congress- HoR and Senate]
- Natural Rights: Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments. John Locke stated that natural law, being superior to human law, specifies certain rights of “life, liberty, and property.” These rights, altered to become “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” are asserted in the Declaration of Independence
- Separation of Powers: The principle of dividing governmental powers among the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches of government
- Checks and Balances: A major principle of the American government system whereby each branch of the government exercises a check on the actions of the others
- Direct Primary: where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
- Judicial Review: The power of the Supreme Court or any court to declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acts of government (established in Marbury Vs. Madison 1803)
- Writ of Mandamus: A judicial order directing a government official to perform a duty of his or her office
- Executive Order: A rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law
- Executive Privilege: The privilege, claimed by the president for the executive branch of the US government, of withholding information in the public interest
Important Court Cases of the Time:
- Marbury v. Madison: (1803) Adams appointed the “midnight judges;” Jefferson refused to honor Adams’ decisions—established judicial review. You need to know this. Don’t forget this.
- Gibbons v. Ogdens: (1824) NY granted Fulton and Livingston exclusive rights of steam boat navigation on NY waters. Ogden said his steamships were licensed under the Act of Congress—interestate commerce
- McCulloch v. Maryland: (1819) Maryland enacted a statute imposing taxes on all banks not chartered by the state; Maryland didn’t have power to do so; Congress can incorporate a bank pursuant to the Necessary and Proper Clause—division between national and state government
What You Need to Know:
Types of Government:
- Anarchy: no goverment (ana = no)
- Autocracy: rule by one (auto = by itself)
- Absolute Monarchy: type of autocracy; rule through inheritance; no restrictions on power
- Constitutional Monarchy: type of autocracy; rule through inheritance; restrictions on power; mostly ceremonial/figurehead
- Oligarchy: rule by few
- Aristocracy: type of oligarchy; rule by the elite—wealthy, powerful
- Theocracy: type of oligarchy; rule by religous people
- Democracy: rule by the people (see key terms above for more on democracy)
What Influenced the US Government:
- Greece and Rome: democratic government began in Greece and Rome; heavily influenced the ideas of America’s founding fathers
- Magna Carta: (1215) this was the first attempt to limit the British Monarchy and was forced upon the monarchs. It guaranteed certain rights, like trial by jury, due process of law, and protection against unfairly taking life, liberty, and property away from its citizens. Magna Carta = Great Charter
- Parliament: the parliament of Britain became the major lawmaking body of the government, limiting the monarchy
- Petition of Right: (1628) this extended the protection of the Magna Carta to commoners. It also further limited the monarchy by restricting its ability to tax without parliament’s consent, declaring marital law, military rule, or housing military in private homes during peace time without the owners consent was illegal. This challenged the divine rights of the King
- English Bill of Rights: (1689) an agreement between parliament and King William and Queen Mary to prevent future monarchs from abusing their powers. guaranteed free parliamentary elections, rights of citizens to a fair and speedy trial, freedom from excessive bails and fines, no cruel and unusual punishments, the right to petition the crown, and suspension of public laws was prohibited.
- John Locke: was a philosopher during the Enlightenment; supported the concept of social contract: a voluntary agreement between the government and governed; argued that people were born with natural rights and that governments had to support those rights. (Think Declaration of Independence)
- Montesquieu: not as major as Locke but did argue for the need for branches of government (Think early checks and balances/ separation of powers)
American Horror Story: The AP Exam
"At least you love me." I say to my pet as I hold them against my chest as they try to get away
- lucifer: sam
- lucifer: sam
- lucifer: sammy
- lucifer: sam
- sam: WHAT?!
- lucifer: hey